Urban Housing Mission
Scheme progress details@
Basic Services to Urban Poor(BSUP)
Reforms driven, fast track, planned development of identified cities with focus on efficiency in urban infrastructure/services delivery mechanism, community participation and accountability of Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) towards citizens.
Basic Services to the Urban Poor (BSUP) Basic Services to the Urban Poor (BSUP) is a sub-component of Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM). The duration of the Mission is seven years beginning from 2005-06. The main thrust of the sub-mission on Basic Services to the Urban Poor (BSUP) will be on integrated development of slums through projects for providing shelter, basic services and other civic amenities with a view to provide utilities to the urban poor. In Kerala, Thiruvananthapuram and Kochi Corporations were identified for implementing BSUP. A City Development plan (CDP) would be required before the city can access mission fund. The City Development Plan of Thiruvananthapuram included 5 adjacent Gramapanchayats in addition to Corporation area.13 adjacent Gramapanchayats and Thrippunithura, Kalamassery Municipalities are included in the City Development Plan of Kochi. Four phases of projects worth Rs.208.01 crores and three projects worth Rs.135.66 crores was sanctioned for Thiruvananthapuram and Kochi Corporation respectively. The total central share for sanctioned projects of Thiruvananthapuram and Kochi is Rs.233.56 crores.
Integrated Housing and Slum Development Programme(IHSDP)
Mission StatementReforms driven, fast track, planned development of identified cities with focus on efficiency in urban infrastructure/services delivery mechanism, community participation and accountability of Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) towards citizens.
Integrated Housing and Slum Development Programme (IHSDP) is a Centrally Sponsored programme aiming at the holistic development of Slums in Urban areas. The programme was formulated by Central Government by combining two erstwhile schemes viz. ValmikiAmbedkarAvas Yojana (VAMBAY) and National Slum Development Programme(NSDP). The implementation of the IHSDP will be beneficial to provide Housing and basic facilities to the slum dwellers in the Urban areas of the State. IHSDP can be implemented in 54 urban Local Bodies of the State. Thiruvananthapuram, Kochi Corporations and Thrippunithura and Kalamassery Municipalities are exempted from IHSDP as these cities are covered under Basic Services to the Urban Poor (BSUP) programme. The financing pattern is in the ratio of 80:20 by Central and State Governments. Beneficiary share (12% for General and 10% for SC/ST) is stipulated for projects for individual beneficiaries like housing. Out of 20% State share the balance fund after deducting beneficiary share will be borne equally by the ULB and State (Maximum state share is 10% of the total Project Cost). GOI assistance is project based and Urban Local bodies have to prepare and submit Detailed project Report (DPR) for availing assistance under the programme. Projects of 45 ULBs have already got approval of the Central Sanctioning committee constituted by Govt. of India for sanctioning of projects. The total project cost of the sanctioned projects amounts to Rs.273.32 crores and the central share is Rs.201.60 crores.
Rajiv Awas Yojana (RAY)
"Slum Free India" with inclusive and equitable cities in which every citizen has access to basic civic infrastructure and social amenities and decent shelter.
Encourage States/Union Territories (UTs) to tackle slums in a definitive manner, by focusing on:
- Bringing all existing slums, notified or non-notified (including recognised and identified) within the formal system and enabling them to avail the basic amenities that is available for the rest of the city/UA
- Redressing the failures of the formal system that lie behind the creation of slums by planning for affordable housing stock for the urban poor and initiating crucial policy changes required for facilitating the same.
- Improving and provisioning of housing, basic civic infrastructure and social amenities in intervened slums.
- Enabling reforms to address some of the causes leading to creation of slums.
- Facilitating a supportive environment for expanding institutional credit linkages for the urban poor.
- Institutionalizing mechanisms for prevention of slums including creation of affordable housing stock.
- Strengthening institutional and human resource capacities at the Municipal, City and State levels through comprehensive capacity building and strengthening of resource networks.
- Empowering community by ensuring their participation at every stage of decision making through strengthening and nurturing Slum Dwellers' Association/Federations.
Implementation Strategy: 2 step Implementation Strategy
- Preparation of Slum Free City Plan of Action (SFCPoA) on 'whole city' basis
- Detailed Project Report (DPRs) for slum redevelopment/up gradation/relocation on 'whole slum' basis.
Preparation of SFCPoA
Activities for preparation of SFCPoAs include:
- Slum Survey
- Data Entry into MIS
- GIS Mapping of Slums
- GIS-MIS integration
SFCPoAs in two parts
- Curative Strategy for Slum Redevelopment of all existing slums, notified, recognised or non, notified, on lands belonging to State/Central Government, Urban Local Bodies, Public Undertakings of State/Central Government any other public agency and private land; and
- Preventive Strategy for Containment of growth of future Slums.
Preparation of DPRs
On the basis of prioritization of slums in SFCPoA, cities would be required to prepare Detailed Project Reports (DPRs)
- Provisioning of Housing and basic civic infrastructure and amenities in Slum development/improvement/up gradation
- Transit Housing for in situ redevelopment
- Rental Housing and Dormitories
- Social infrastructure including Community halls, Child care centers, Informal markets, Common workplaces/livelihoods centre